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SqlServer常用对象查询

作者:xiaoxiao 来源:未知 发布时间: 2014-07-30 11:46 点击: 次
-- 查询用户表对象信息 select Tab . Name as [ 表名 ] , Tab . create_date as [ 创建时间 ] , Tab . modify_date as [ 最后修改时间 ] , Col . Name as [ 列名 ] , Type . name as [ 数据类型 ] , Col . max_length as [ 字段长度 ] , CASE WHEN pk . is_primary_key

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SqlServer常用对象查询

  --查询用户表对象信息

  select Tab.Name as [表名],Tab.create_date as [创建时间],Tab.modify_date as [最后修改时间],

  Col.Name as [列名] ,Type.name as [数据类型],Col.max_length as [字段长度],

  CASE WHEN pk.is_primary_key= 1 THEN 'Y' ELSE 'N' end as [是否主键],

  CASE WHEN Col.is_identity = 1 THEN 'Y' else 'N'end as [是否自增] ,

  identity_columns.seed_value as [自增种子],identity_columns.increment_value as [自增步长],

  case when Col.is_nullable = 1 then 'Y' else 'N' END AS [是否允许为NULL],

  Def.text as [默认值],case when Col.is_computed = 1 then 'Y' else 'N' END as [是否计算列] ,

  computed_columns.definition as [计算公式],Col_Desc.Value as [列备注]

  from sys.objects Tab inner join sys.columns Col on Tab.object_id =Col.object_id

  inner join sys.types Type on Col.system_type_id = Type.system_type_id

  left join sys.identity_columns identity_columns on Tab.object_id = identity_columns.object_id and Col.column_id = identity_columns.column_id

  left join syscomments Def on Col.default_object_id = Def.ID

  left join(

  select index_columns.object_id,index_columns.column_id,indexes.is_primary_key

  from sys.indexes indexes inner join sys.index_columns index_columns

  on indexes.object_id = index_columns.object_id and indexes.index_id = index_columns.index_id

  where indexes.is_primary_key = 1/*主键*/

  ) PK on Tab.object_id = PK.object_id AND Col.column_id = PK.column_id

  left join sys.computed_columns computed_columns on Tab.object_id =computed_columns.object_id and Col.column_id = computed_columns.column_id

  left join sys.extended_properties Col_Desc on Col_Desc.major_id=Tab.object_id and Col_Desc.minor_id=Col.Column_id and Col_Desc.class=1

  where Tab.type = 'U' and Tab.Name not like'sys%'

  order by Tab.create_date

  --查询所有视图

  select views.Name as [视图名],Col.Name as [列名] ,Type.name as [数据类型],Col.max_length as [字段长度]

  --,Col_Desc.Value as Col_Description

  from sys.views views

  inner join sys.columns Col on views.object_id = Col.object_id

  inner join sys.types Type on Col.system_type_id = Type.system_type_id

  --left join sys.extended_properties Col_Desc

  -- on Col_Desc.major_id=views.object_id and Col_Desc.minor_id=Col.Column_id and Col_Desc.class=1

  order by Create_Date

  --查询外键约束

  select FK_Name as [外键名],Parent_Tab_Name as [外键表],

  [外键列]=stuff((select ','+[Parent_Col_Name] from (

  select FK.name as FK_Name,Parent_Tab.Name as Parent_Tab_Name,Parent_Col.Name as Parent_Col_Name,

  Referenced_Tab.Name as Referenced_Tab_Name,Referenced_Col.Name as Referenced_Col_Name

  from sys.foreign_keys FK

  inner join sys.foreign_key_columns Col on FK.Object_ID = Col.constraint_object_id

  inner join sys.objects Parent_Tab ON Col.parent_object_id = Parent_Tab.Object_ID and Parent_Tab.TYPE = 'U'

  inner join sys.columns Parent_Col on Parent_Tab.Object_ID = Parent_Col.object_id

  and Col.parent_column_id = Parent_Col.column_id

  inner join sys.objects Referenced_Tab ON Col.referenced_object_id = Referenced_Tab.Object_ID and Referenced_Tab.TYPE = 'U'

  inner join sys.columns Referenced_Col on Referenced_Tab.Object_ID = Referenced_Col.object_id

  and Col.referenced_column_id = Referenced_Col.column_id

  )t where FK_Name=tb.FK_Name and Parent_Tab_Name = tb.Parent_Tab_Name and Referenced_Tab_Name = tb.Referenced_Tab_Name  for xml path('')), 1, 1, ''),

  Referenced_Tab_Name as [主键表],

  [主键列]=stuff((select ','+[Referenced_Col_Name] from (

  select FK.name as FK_Name,Parent_Tab.Name as Parent_Tab_Name,Parent_Col.Name as Parent_Col_Name,

  Referenced_Tab.Name as Referenced_Tab_Name,Referenced_Col.Name as Referenced_Col_Name

  from sys.foreign_keys FK

  inner join sys.foreign_key_columns Col on FK.Object_ID = Col.constraint_object_id

  inner join sys.objects Parent_Tab ON Col.parent_object_id = Parent_Tab.Object_ID and Parent_Tab.TYPE = 'U'

  inner join sys.columns Parent_Col on Parent_Tab.Object_ID = Parent_Col.object_id

  and Col.parent_column_id = Parent_Col.column_id

  inner join sys.objects Referenced_Tab ON Col.referenced_object_id = Referenced_Tab.Object_ID and Referenced_Tab.TYPE = 'U'

  inner join sys.columns Referenced_Col on Referenced_Tab.Object_ID = Referenced_Col.object_id

  and Col.referenced_column_id = Referenced_Col.column_id

  )t where FK_Name=tb.FK_Name and Parent_Tab_Name = tb.Parent_Tab_Name and Referenced_Tab_Name = tb.Referenced_Tab_Name  for xml path('')), 1, 1, '')

  --as [外键列]

  from (

  select FK.name as FK_Name,Parent_Tab.Name as Parent_Tab_Name,Parent_Col.Name as Parent_Col_Name,

  Referenced_Tab.Name as Referenced_Tab_Name,Referenced_Col.Name as Referenced_Col_Name

  from sys.foreign_keys FK

  inner join sys.foreign_key_columns Col on FK.Object_ID = Col.constraint_object_id

  inner join sys.objects Parent_Tab ON Col.parent_object_id = Parent_Tab.Object_ID and Parent_Tab.TYPE = 'U'

  inner join sys.columns Parent_Col on Parent_Tab.Object_ID = Parent_Col.object_id

  and Col.parent_column_id = Parent_Col.column_id

  inner join sys.objects Referenced_Tab ON Col.referenced_object_id = Referenced_Tab.Object_ID and Referenced_Tab.TYPE = 'U'

  inner join sys.columns Referenced_Col on Referenced_Tab.Object_ID = Referenced_Col.object_id

  and Col.referenced_column_id = Referenced_Col.column_id

  )tb

  group by FK_Name,Parent_Tab_Name,Referenced_Tab_Name

  --查询所有存储过程

  select Pr_Name as [存储过程], [参数]=stuff((select ','+[Parameter]

  from (

  select Pr.Name as Pr_Name,parameter.name +' ' +Type.Name + ' ('+convert(varchar(32),parameter.max_length)+')' as Parameter

  from sys.procedures Pr left join

  sys.parameters parameter on Pr.object_id = parameter.object_id

  inner join sys.types Type on parameter.system_type_id = Type.system_type_id

  where type = 'P'

  ) t where Pr_Name=tb.Pr_Name for xml path('')), 1, 1, '')

  from (

  select Pr.Name as Pr_Name,parameter.name +' ' +Type.Name + ' ('+convert(varchar(32),parameter.max_length)+')' as Parameter

  from sys.procedures Pr left join

  sys.parameters parameter on Pr.object_id = parameter.object_id

  inner join sys.types Type on parameter.system_type_id = Type.system_type_id

  where type = 'P'

  )tb

  where Pr_Name not like 'sp_%' --and Pr_Name not like 'dt%'

  group by Pr_Name

  order by Pr_Name

  --查询所有触发器

  select triggers.name as [触发器],tables.name as [表名],triggers.is_disabled as [是否禁用],

  triggers.is_instead_of_trigger AS [触发器类型],

  case when triggers.is_instead_of_trigger = 1 then 'INSTEAD OF'

  when triggers.is_instead_of_trigger = 0 then 'AFTER'

  else null

  end as [触发器类型描述]

  from sys.triggers triggers

  inner join sys.tables tables on triggers.parent_id = tables.object_id

  where triggers.type ='TR'

  order by triggers.create_date

  --查询所有索引

  select indexs.Tab_Name as [表名],indexs.Index_Name as [索引名] ,indexs.[Co_Names] as [索引列],

  Ind_Attribute.is_primary_key as [是否主键],Ind_Attribute.is_unique AS [是否唯一键],

  Ind_Attribute.is_disabled AS [是否禁用]

  from (

  select Tab_Name,Index_Name, [Co_Names]=stuff((select ','+[Co_Name] from

  ( select tab.Name as Tab_Name,ind.Name as Index_Name,Col.Name as Co_Name from sys.indexes ind

  inner join sys.tables tab on ind.Object_id = tab.object_id and ind.type in (1,2)/*索引的类型:=堆/1=聚集/2=非聚集/3=XML*/

  inner join sys.index_columns index_columns on tab.object_id = index_columns.object_id and ind.index_id = index_columns.index_id

  inner join sys.columns Col on tab.object_id = Col.object_id and index_columns.column_id = Col.column_id

  ) t where Tab_Name=tb.Tab_Name and Index_Name=tb.Index_Name for xml path('')), 1, 1, '')

  from (

  select tab.Name as Tab_Name,ind.Name as Index_Name,Col.Name as Co_Name from sys.indexes ind

  inner join sys.tables tab on ind.Object_id = tab.object_id and ind.type in (1,2)/*索引的类型:=堆/1=聚集/2=非聚集/3=XML*/

  inner join sys.index_columns index_columns on tab.object_id = index_columns.object_id and ind.index_id = index_columns.index_id

  inner join sys.columns Col on tab.object_id = Col.object_id and index_columns.column_id = Col.column_id

  )tb

  where Tab_Name not like 'sys%'

  group by Tab_Name,Index_Name

  ) indexs inner join sys.indexes Ind_Attribute on indexs.Index_Name = Ind_Attribute.name

  order by indexs.Tab_Name
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